Energy Recycling

Today, fuels from residual substances and biologically regenerating raw materials represent the future of energy development without the centralized control that exerted by large oil companies exploiting the world's existing fossil fuel resources. With technologies now becoming available, these “synthetic fuels” will increasingly replace declining oil reserves in the future. Synthetic fuel production is possible because sufficient quantities of raw materials exist to develop deliverable quantities to replace fossil fuel production. These materials include wood and plants, the bio-waste products of our civilization like plastics, animal and plant wastes, waste oils and other organic residual substances - all of which are usable because of their intrinsic energy content.
In addition to the intrinsic energy content of synthetic waste materials, there is an additional objective in using these materials: capturing the hydrocarbons contained in them for conversion to fuel. Present day recycling procedures, like high temperature gasification that follows the Fischer Tropsch synthesis model and with overall efficiency ratios of approximately 10%, cannot recover hydrocarbons. Other well-known procedures, like pyrolysis, are not able to capture hydrocarbon pollutants, such as halogens and metal vapors, which often remain in the final product of existing recycling plants.
Unsatisfactory results from present-day recycling efforts result from the essential structure of existing processing methods. Transforming residual substances with each of the well-known recycling procedures requires temperatures of 450°C and above, a temperature at which coke crystals begin to form from residual substances. Such high temperature procedures decompose the hydrocarbons in the plant nearly completely into coke crystals and methane. Thus, relocated hydrogen atoms convert the existing hydrocarbons, CH2, into methane, CH4 and coke crystals, C. In other words, solid coke and methane gas, CH4, are produced from liquefiable hydrocarbons.
But while coke and methane can be used further as an energy output, the by-products of such high temperature procedures, like CO2, Dioxin and Furan, are unacceptable environmental hazards. Other technologies, which are based on alternative sources of energy that are complex and limited, such as platinum, are still in the early stages of development.